Art as a therapy to relieve symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), in children





Art therapy, Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder, ADHD, "Conners" scale, primary school children


The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of using Art as therapy to reduce the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder (ADHD), in primary school children.
A clinical approach was used to test the validity of the hypothesis of our study, conducted on two second and fourth-year primary school pupils from Algiers, aged 7 and 9 years respectively.
In addition to the clinical observation and interview, we made use of the "Conners" scale for a (pre and post intervention) ADHD assessment, consisting of a combination of Art media in the form of mosaic works on purposely prepared panels. After 10 therapy sessions, results revealed the effectiveness of Art therapy in reducing ADHD in primary education children.

Once the diagnosis of ADHD symptoms in the two study subjects, aged 7 and 9 years, was confirmed through the "Conners" ADHD assessment and by carrying out a clinical interview with the parents as well as an in-depth analysis of subjects’ clinical observation and interview, a treatment using Art as therapy was implemented and found to be very effective in reducing the symptoms of ADHD.

In order to attract children’s attention, this type of therapy uses purposely designed graphics, since the assortment of colors made at their disposition prompted them to willingly engage in the activity and cooperate with the specialist implementing the treatment program.
The child begins to ‘own’ the work of Art, absorbing himself with it until it was finished, all along stimulated by positive reinforcement. The piece of mosaic art has become the child’s focal point onto which he projects his frustrations and internal conflicts and discharges his emotions.
Therefore, a child with ADHD can be helped settle down into calmer behaviours, by using Art media to decrease his hyperactivity. The more in-school training workshops and homework, the further this type of therapy would prove itself to be more effective compared to the other treatments used to treat this category of children.


Arnest, f. (1997). art necessity. Egypt: Egyptian General Book Authority.

Benabdelkrim, m. (2016). The effectiveness of a behavioral treatment program based on a modeling strategy in reducing symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. PhD thesis. Tlemcen, Faculty of Social Sciences, Algeria.

Benhafid, m. (2014). Designing a cognitive therapy program for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. PhD thesis. Batna university, Algeria.

Chafik, m. (2000). Scientific research and its applications in the field of social studies. Alexandria, Faculty of Postgraduate Education Studies, Jordan: modern university office.

Chergui, s. (2007). The relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, cognitive style, and impulsivity. Faculty of Social Sciences, Batna University.

Elhachemi, b. (2019). plastic media therapy series. Algeria: University Press.

Elmarssoumi, l. (2011). The effectiveness of a behavioral program in modifying the behavior of kindergarten children who are disturbed by attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Alexandria: modern university office.

Elyami, m. (2001). Art therapy concept. Kingdom Saudi Arabia: educational research center.

Faradj, h. (2004). Art for people with special needs. Cairo: Arab Renaissance Library.

Faradj, k. (2001). The impact of the technical skills development program on psychological and social adjustment and self-concept. The United Arab Emirates, Faculty of Literature: Mina University.

Hamadi, a. (2016). The fifth Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders "DSM V". Lebanon: Arab House of Sciences Publishers.

Hamadi, a. (2021). Eleventh International Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders "ICD 11". Lebanon: Arab House of Sciences Publishers.

Hamri, a. (2015). Building a behavioral treatment program to reduce hyperactivity and distraction. Faculty of Social Sciences, Tlemcen university.

Ismail, h. (2008). Some factors contributing to hyperactivity in primary school children. Aswan, Egypt: The electronic library for Gulf children with special needs.

Kamach, m. (2007). Behavioral and emotional disorders (1 ed.). Jordan: Dar elmassira.

Kamel, m. (2003). school psychology. Cairo: Ibn sina library.

Kanaoui, h. (1999). The student, his upbringing, and his needs. Cairo: Anglo-Egyptian Library.

Koriti, a. (1990). An introduction to the psychology of students' drawings. Cairo: Dar elfikr elarabi.

Marini, A. (2003). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Egypt: Anglo-Egyptian Library.

Mhamedi, f. (2011). The effectiveness of two training programs in modifying the behavior of ADHD and writing difficulty. Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ouargla university.

Mohieddine, m. (1995). lectures on social psychology. Algeria: University Press.

Nechouati, a. (2003). Educational psychology (4 ed.). Amman: Dar forkane.

Noubi, m. (2005). Children's hyperactivity. Egypt: Anglo-Egyptian Library.

ROY, A. (2007). Fonction executive chez les enfants atteints d'une neurofibromatose de type 1 - Approche clinique et critique. france: maison d'édition Universitaire.

Saad, r. (2000). Psychological disorders of children and adolescents (1 ed.). Egypt: Dar elkalim.

Sadouk, f. (1982). The psychology of mental retardation (2 ed.). Kingdom Saudi Arabia: Riyadh University Publications.

Salim, m. (2001). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Beirut: Arab Renaissance House for Printing, Publishing and Distribution.

Sandekli, h. (2008). Learning difficulties in hyperactivity disorders and attention deficit (1 ed.). Beirut: Arab Renaissance House.

Sayegh, s. (2001). Our children's art. 2. Cairo: Arab Renaissance Library.

Stephane, G. (2015). L'Art therapie. France: Dacres éditions.

WILLCUT, E. (2010). A comparaison of the cognitive deficits in reading disability and attention . Journal of abnormal psychologies, pp. 157-172.

Yousfi, m. (2005). Hyperactivity in children. Cairo: Arab Center for Culture and Science.

Zerraa, n. (2007). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Jordan: Dar elfikr.







How to Cite

Art as a therapy to relieve symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), in children. (2022). Al-Academy , 106, 167-186.

Publication Dates

Similar Articles

1-10 of 480

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.