The art of adornment and make-up in the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and the old country of Yemen as a model
Keywords:Arts, Decorations, Makeup, Ancient
This research sheds light on those discrepancies in the use of ornaments, adornment and perfumes, as well as the art of cosmetics, in two important civilizations, namely, the Mesopotamian civilization as the earlier civilization, and the civilization of Yemen, which represents the first Arab civilization. Through the foregoing, our research includes two topics, the first topic included the history of the use of decorations, ornaments and perfumes in the civilization of Mesopotamia, while the second topic included the study of ornaments, adornment and cosmetic art in the ancient civilization of Yemen. And then the research came out with a number of conclusions that the researcher considers very important to highlight the differences and formal methods for the use of adornment, ornaments and cosmetic art between the two civilizations above, and at the end of the research included a list of sources and references adopted by the researcher, which was characterized by the richness of its information about the civilization of Mesopotamia, and said about the ancient civilization of Yemen.
-Al-Aswad, Hikmat Bashir: The Literature of Spinning and Scenes of Excitement in the Ancient Iraqi Civilization, (Damascus: Dar Al-Mada, 2008).)
-Al-Agha, Sana Hassoun Younis Hassan: Clay in the Civilization of Mesopotamia, Department of Archeology, (unpublished MA thesis), College of Arts, University of Mosul, (Mosul: 2004 AD).)
Basma Ji, Faraj: Treasures of the Iraqi Museum, (Baghdad: Ministry of Information, 1972).)3-
- Botts, Daniel T: The Civilization of Mesopotamia, Material Foundations, translated by Kazem Saad Al-Din, revised by Dr. Ismail Hussein Hajjar, (Baghdad: General Authority for Antiquities, 2006).)
- Pilavsky, FA: Secrets of Babylon, translated by Dr. Raouf Musa Jaafar Al-Kazemi, (Baghdad: Dar Al-Mamoun for Translation and Publishing, 2008).)
- Al-Jader, Walid: Crafts and Handicrafts in the Late Assyrian Era, (Baghdad: Al-Adeeb Al-Baghdadi Press, 1972 AD).)
Al-Jader, Walid: Industry, Mosul Civilization Encyclopedia, Volume 1, (Mosul: Dar al-Kutub, 1991).)7-
- Hussein, Thaer Abdul-Sada: Religious Processions in Ancient Iraq, unpublished MA thesis, College of Arts, University of Baghdad, History Department, (Baghdad: 2014 AD).)
Al-Dabbagh, Taqi: The Arab World in the Stone Ages, House of Cultural Affairs, (Baghdad: 1988).)9-
-Al-Rawi, Farouk Nasser: Aspects of Everyday Life, Encyclopedia of Iraqi Civilization, Volume 2, (Baghdad: Dar Al-Hurriya for Printing, 1985 AD).)
- Rashid, Fawzi: Civilized and Aesthetic Phenomena from Ancient History, (Damascus: Pages for Studies and Publishing, 2011).)
-Sages, Harry: The Greatness of Babylon, Summary of the Ancient Civilization of Mesopotamia, translated by Dr. Amer Suleiman Ibrahim, (Mosul: Dar al-Kutub, 1979 AD).)
-Sages, Harry: The Power of Assyria, translated by Dr. Amer Suleiman, (Baghdad: Iraqi Scientific Academy, 1999 AD).)
-Al-Sheikhly, Abdul Qadir Abdul-Jabbar: The Brief in the Ancient History of Iraq, (Baghdad: Dar Adnan, 2014 AD).
- Aboudi, Henry, S.: A Dictionary of Semitic Civilizations, (Tripoli: Gross Press, 1991).
-Ali, Jawad: History of the Arabs before Islam, Part 18, Part 8, (Baghdad: Iraqi Academic Academy, 1960 AD).)
- Ali, Fadel Abdul Wahed: Songs of the Holy Marriage of July and Song of Solomon, Sumer Magazine, C (1-2), AD (34), the General Organization for Antiquities (Baghdad: The General Organization for Antiquities and Heritage, 1978).)
- Al-Faraji, Adnan Ali and Ahmed Ali Sakr: The Brief History of the Arabs Before Islam, (Oman: Dar Al-Bidaa Publishing, 2013).
- Frankfurt, Henry: The Dawn of Civilization in the Near East, translated by Michael Khoury, (Cairo: Life Library, 1959 AD).
- Friedman, Estelle: Excavating the Past, translated by Ahmed Mohamed Issa, (Cairo: Franklin Publishing Corporation, 1960).
- Frischwar, Paul: Sex in the Ancient World, translated by Faik Dahdouh, (Damascus: Nineveh House, 1999).
- Qasha, Suhail: The Woman in the Law of Hammurabi, (Mosul: Bassam Library, 1985).
- Kachchii, Sabah: The Industry in the History of Mesopotamia, (Baghdad: Al-Adeeb Al-Baghdadi Press, 2002).
- Gramer, p.: Inanna and Dumuzi, The Ritual of Sacred Sex for the Sumerians, translated by Nihad Khayyat, 2nd Edition, (Damascus: Alaa Al-Din Publishing House, 2007).
- Le Bon, Gustave: The Civilization of Babylon and Assyria, translated by Mahmoud Khairat the Lawyer, (Beirut: Dar Al-Rafidain, w.h).
- Lloyd, Seton: The Art of the Near and Ancient East, translated by Muhammad Darwish, (Baghdad: Dar Al-Mamoun for Translation and Publishing, 1988).
- Mallowan, Max: The Civilization of the Dawn of Dynasties in Iraq, translated by Kazem Saad Al-Din, House of Cultural Affairs, (Baghdad: 2001).
- company of researchers: The Civilization of Mesopotamia (Sumer, Assyria, Babylon) Seven thousand years of art and civilization, translated by Qasim Matar Al-Tamimi, (Baghdad: House of Wisdom, 2010).
- Mahran, Muhammad Bayoumi: The Ancient Arab Civilization, (Alexandria: University Knowledge House, 1988).
- Mahran, Muhammad Bayoumi: History of the Ancient Arabs, University Knowledge House, (Alexandria: University Knowledge House, w.h).
- Al-Moussawi, Jawad Matar: Social and Economic Conditions in Old Yemen, (unpublished doctoral thesis) (Baghdad: College of Arts, University of Baghdad, 1998 AD).
-Al-Moussawi, Jawad Matar: Mythology and Religious Beliefs, (Damascus: Rand Publishing House, 2010).
- Hyland, Robert: History of the Arabs in the Arabian Peninsula, translated by Adnan Hassan, (Damascus: Qadis for Publishing and Distribution, 2010).
--Editors of LIFE: The Epic Of Man. Life, (New York :Life magazine,1961).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Ruwaida Faisal Mosa Al Nawab
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.